26 Sep The Pros and Cons in React Native and Native in Mobile App Development
Developers have been caught in a crossfire between the React Native and Native languages and tools when it comes to developing mobile applications. There has been much debate as to which between these two frameworks gives a mobile app a high level of efficiency in terms of performance. To draw the differences between the two, let us start first getting into the basics of these two frameworks to have a clear knowledge of how they operate.
The Basic Difference
A Native framework is an application that is developed for a particular type of platform. To date, there are two prominent platforms—Android and iOS. The native application that is used for developing a mobile app suited for Android relies on Java and Kotlin as languages, whereas that of iOS relies on Objective-C and Swift.
Now that we have drawn the basic differences between these two. Let’s go deeper into the pros and cons of these two frameworks to see which between the two has the upper hand in creating a high performing mobile application.
Native Framework: The Pros
When creating a mobile application for iOS and Android, it is very necessary to use their respective native languages which happen to be strict. In such manner, there would be no room for errors as they can easily be identified. This leads to creating an application that is consistent to the language of iOS and Android.
Access to API
The Application Programming Interface (API) can be accessed only through a native development environment which means there are no dependencies or restrictions except for those of the native environment. The functionality of the platform can also be accessed through a native development environment; thus, there is no need for extra layer mapping over it.
Variety of Third Party Libraries
When developing a mobile app in a native environment, there are a lot of
third party libraries that are available for use. The more third party libraries there
are, the more resources can be used to improve the user experience of an
For sure, native environments would continue to update its languages and
APIs. However, these environments would provide guides in order to assimilate these changes smoothly. There is assurance that there is continuous updating and improvement in these environments.
Native Framework: The Con
The only downside of developing in a native environment is that when developing an application, you should create two separate applications that run on iOS and Android. There will be a big difference in these two applications as they don’t a commonly shared code. Plus, this one takes time to create two separate applications, not to mention the budget needed for this work.
Native React Framework: The Pros
Single Code Base
Unlike creating an application in a native environment, you only need a single code to develop the app for both iOS and Android. This means you need to be familiar with only one set of language and platform. It is time and cost efficient practically speaking.
Smooth Transition from Web to App
One amazing upside of the Native React framework is that when you
transition from web to mobile development under such framework, there is a
smooth transition. In the first place, web developers are already familiar with
Fast and Hot Reloading
When changes are being made in an app that runs on a React Native framework, the changes are automatically shown on the device where the application runs. This allows for immediate feedback about the changes being made.
Native React Framework: The Cons
Smaller Third Party Libraries
Unlike the Native framework which has the luxury of third party libraries,
the Native React environment has a small number of third party libraries. Now this poses a challenge as using the third party libraries developed for the native platform, you need to write these incorporations in native modules. This is additional task on the part of the developer.
Minimal Support to Native APIs
The Native React framework does not support all of the APIs except for those that are most used. This is going to be a bit of a problem as there is a need to gain access those other APIs or functionality. This can only be done through the use of native modules.
Since native modules are necessary in order to use other APIs and functionality, there is a need for the developer to familiarize the native modules. These native modules, written in the native language, are parts of the code that are later on incorporated to the rest of the code. This is a hassle on the part of the developer as there is a need for the familiarity of the native language since there is no single code.
Since Native React is derived from the Facebook framework, developers who are fond of this framework should anticipate the possibility that Facebook has the last say in not updating it anymore. What could be a worse-case scenario is that the native platform could make changes that would not be easy to wrap around.
Make up Your Mind
Now that you have seen the pros and cons of both application frameworks, you need to decide which one gives you the convenience as a developer. You have to bear in mind which way makes your work easier and productive. Most importantly, which environment leads you to come up with a mobile app should fully please your client. In the first place, it’s all about your client’s vision for his desired mobile app that is at stake here.